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Exchange Rate Home >> Country Info >> Dhekelia

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  Dhekelia   
Introduction
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Transnational
Issues
  Introduction Back To Top

Background:
By terms of the 1960 Treaty of Establishment that created the independent Republic of Cyprus, the UK retained full sovereignty and jurisdiction over two areas of almost 254 square kilometers - Akrotiri and Dhekelia. The larger of these is the Dhekelia Sovereign Base Area, which is also referred to as the Eastern Sovereign Base Area.

  Geography Back To Top

Land boundaries:
total: 103 km (approximately)
border countries: Cyprus 103 km (approximately)

Climate:
temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters

Map references:
Middle East

Geographic coordinates:
34 59 N, 33 45 E

Geography - note:
British extraterritorial rights also extended to several small off-post sites scattered across Cyprus; of the Sovereign Base Area land 60% is privately owned and farmed, 20% is owned by the Ministry of Defense, and 20% is SBA Crown land

Area:
total: 130.8 sq km
note: area surrounds three Cypriot enclaves

Location:
Eastern Mediterranean, on the southeast coast of Cyprus near Famagusta

Coastline:
27.5 km

Area - comparative:
about three-quarters the size of Washington, DC

Environment - current issues:
netting and trapping of small migrant songbirds in the spring and autumn

  People Back To Top

Population:
approximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK Based Contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents

Languages:
English, Greek

  Government Back To Top

Diplomatic representation from the US:
none (overseas territory of the UK)

Diplomatic representation in the US:
none (overseas territory of the UK)

Dependency status:
a special form of UK overseas territory; administered by an administrator who is also the Commander, British Forces Cyprus

Legal system:
the Sovereign Base Area Administration has its own court system to deal with civil and criminal matters; laws applicable to the Cypriot population are, as far as possible, the same as the laws of the Republic of Cyprus

Flag description:
the flag of the UK is used

Country name (Goverment):
conventional long form: Dhekelia Sovereign Base Area
conventional short form: Dhekelia

Capital:
name: Episkopi Cantonment (base administrative center for Akrotiri and Dhekelia); located in Akrotiri
geographic coordinates: 34 40 N, 32 51 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Constitution:
Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Order in Council 1960, effective 16 August 1960, functions as a basic legal document

Executive branch:
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
head of government: Administrator Air Vice-Marshal Richard LACEY (since 26 April 2006); note - reports to the British Ministry of Defense
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the administrator is appointed by the monarch

  Economy Back To Top

Exchange rates:
euros (EUR) per US dollar - 0.4286 (2007), 0.46019 (2006), 0.4641 (2005), 0.4686 (2004), 0.5174 (2003)

Currency (code):
euro (EUR) adopted 1 January 2008; note - the Cypriot pound (CYP) formerly used

Economy - overview:
Economic activity is limited to providing services to the military and their families located in Dhekelia. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.

Industries:
none

  Communications Back To Top

Radio broadcast stations:
AM NA, FM 1 (located in Akrotiri), shortwave NA (British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) provides Radio 1 and Radio 2 service to Akrotiri, Dhekelia, and Nicosia) (2006)

Television broadcast stations:
0 (British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) provides multi-channel satellite service to Akrotiri, Dhekelia, and Nicosia) (2006)

  Transportation Back To Top

  Military Back To Top

Military - note:
includes Dhekelia Garrison and Ayios Nikolaos Station connected by a roadway

  Transnational Issues Back To Top

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Quiz #2
  1. What famous canal was built at the narrowest point between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans?
  Atlantic-Pacific Canal
  Transcontinental Canal
  Panama Canal
  Erie Canal
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