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  Micronesia, Federated States of   
Introduction
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Transnational
Issues
  Introduction Back To Top

Background:
In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.

  Geography Back To Top

Land boundaries:
0 km

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Climate:
tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage

Map references:
Australia/Oceania

Geographic coordinates:
6 55 N, 158 15 E

Natural resources:
forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m

Terrain:
islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk

Geography - note:
four major island groups totaling 607 islands

Area:
total: 702 sq km
land: 702 sq km
water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)
note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie)

Location:
Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia

Coastline:
6,112 km

Area - comparative:
four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)

Irrigated land:
NA

Environment - current issues:
overfishing, climate change, pollution

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Natural hazards:
typhoons (June to December)

Land use:
arable land: 5.71%
permanent crops: 45.71%
other: 48.58% (2005)

  People Back To Top

Total fertility rate:
2.98 children born/woman (2008 est.)

Sex ratio:
NA

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 70.65 years
male: 68.79 years
female: 72.61 years (2008 est.)

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89%
male: 91%
female: 88% (1980 est.)

Net migration rate:
-21.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Ethnic groups:
Chuukese 48.8%, Pohnpeian 24.2%, Kosraean 6.2%, Yapese 5.2%, Yap outer islands 4.5%, Asian 1.8%, Polynesian 1.5%, other 6.4%, unknown 1.4% (2000 census)

Median age:
total: 21.6 years
male: 21.1 years
female: 22.1 years (2008 est.)

Population:
107,665 (July 2008 est.)

Education expenditures:
7.3% of GDP (2000)

Population growth rate:
-0.191% (2008 est.)

Languages:
English (official and common language), Chuukese, Kosrean, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi

Death rate:
4.53 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 27.03 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 29.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 24.13 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA

Age structure:
0-14 years: 35.3% (male 19,344/female 18,687)
15-64 years: 61.8% (male 33,142/female 33,389)
65 years and over: 2.9% (male 1,320/female 1,783) (2008 est.)

Birth rate:
23.66 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Religions:
Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%, other 3%

Nationality:
noun: Micronesian(s)
adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese

  Government Back To Top

Diplomatic representation from the US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Miriam K. HUGHES
embassy: 101 Upper Pics Road, Kolonia
mailing address: P. O. Box 1286, Kolonia, Pohnpei, 96941
telephone: [691] 320-2187
FAX: [691] 320-2186

National holiday:
Constitution Day, 10 May (1979)

Suffrage:
18 years of age; universal

Government type:
constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force May 2004

Political pressure groups and leaders:
NA

Diplomatic representation in the US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Yosiwo GEORGE
chancery: 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036
telephone: [1] (202) 223-4383
FAX: [1] (202) 223-4391
consulate(s) general: Honolulu, Tamuning (Guam)

International organization participation:
ACP, ADB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IOC, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WMO

Legislative branch:
unicameral Congress (14 seats; 4 - one elected from each state to serve four-year terms and 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population to serve two-year terms; members elected by popular vote)
elections: last held 6 March 2007 (next to be held in March 2009)
election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 14

Legal system:
based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Flag description:
light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern

Independence:
3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)

Country name (Goverment):
conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
conventional short form: none
local long form: Federated States of Micronesia
local short form: none
former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts
abbreviation: FSM

Political parties and leaders:
no formal parties

Capital:
name: Palikir
geographic coordinates: 6 55 N, 158 09 E
time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Constitution:
10 May 1979

Executive branch:
chief of state: President Emanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (since 11 May 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Emanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (since 11 May 2007)
cabinet: Cabinet includes the vice president and the heads of the eight executive departments
elections: president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators at large for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 11 May 2007 (next to be held May 2011); note - a proposed constitutional amendment to establish popular elections for president and vice president failed
election results: Emanuel MORI elected president; percent of Congress vote - NA; Alik L. ALIK elected vice president; percent of Congress vote - NA

Administrative divisions:
4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae (Kosaie), Pohnpei (Ponape), Yap

Judicial branch:
Supreme Court

  Economy Back To Top

Electricity - consumption:
178.6 million kWh (2002)

Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2002)

Current account balance:
-$34.3 million (FY05 est.)

Debt - external:
$60.8 million (FY05 est.)

Unemployment rate:
22% (2000 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$2,300 (2005 est.)

Stock of domestic credit:
NA

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$277 million; note - supplemented by grant aid, averaging perhaps $100 million annually (2002 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):
$232 million (2005)

Exchange rates:
the US dollar is used

GDP - real growth rate:
0.3% (2005 est.)

Stock of money:
$22.45 million (31 December 2007)

Labor force:
37,410 (2000)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
2.2% (2005)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 28.9%
industry: 15.2%
services: 55.9% (2004 est.)

Exports:
$14 million (f.o.b.) (2004 est.)

Currency (code):
US dollar (USD)

Economy - overview:
Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remote location, a lack of adequate facilities, and limited air connections hinder development. Under the original terms of the Compact of Free Association, the US provided $1.3 billion in grant aid during the period 1986-2001; the level of aid has been subsequently reduced. The Amended Compact of Free Association with the US guarantees the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) millions of dollars in annual aid through 2023, and establishes a Trust Fund into which the US and the FSM make annual contributions in order to provide annual payouts to the FSM in perpetuity after 2023. The country's medium-term economic outlook appears fragile due not only to the reduction in US assistance but also to the current slow growth of the private sector.

Imports - commodities:
food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages

Industries:
tourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items (from shell, wood, and pearls)

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2002)

Population below poverty line:
26.7% (2000)

Commercial bank prime lending rate:
14.03% (31 December 2007)

Stock of quasi money:
$72.49 million (31 December 2007)

Electricity - production:
192 million kWh (2002)

Imports:
$132.7 million f.o.b. (2004)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 0.9%
industry: 34.4%
services: 64.7%
note: two-thirds are government employees (FY05 est.)

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$NA

Currency code:
USD

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Exports - commodities:
fish, garments, bananas, black pepper, sakau (kava), betel nut

Economic aid - recipient:
$106.4 million (2005)

Electricity - production by source:
NA

Budget:
revenues: $127.3 million ($69 million less grants)
expenditures: $144.2 million (FY05 est.)

Fiscal year:
1 October - 30 September

  Communications Back To Top

Internet users:
15,000 (2007)

Telephones - main lines in use:
8,700 (2007)

Televisions:
2,800 (1999)

Internet country code:
.fm

Radio broadcast stations:
AM 5, FM 1, shortwave 0 (2004)

Radios:
9,400 (1996)

Telephones - mobile cellular:
27,400 (2007)

Television broadcast stations:
3 (cable TV also available) (2004)

Telephone system:
general assessment: adequate system
domestic: islands interconnected by shortwave radiotelephone (used mostly for government purposes), satellite (Intelsat) ground stations, and some coaxial and fiber-optic cable; cellular service available on Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap
international: country code - 691; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2002)

Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
1 (2000)

Internet hosts:
866 (2008)

  Transportation Back To Top

Ports and terminals:
Tomil Harbor

Merchant marine:
total: 3
by type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 2 (2008)

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 6
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2007)

Roadways:
total: 240 km
paved: 42 km
unpaved: 198 km (2000)

Airports:
6 (2007)

  Military Back To Top

Manpower available for military service:
males age 16-49: 26,686 (2008 est.)

Military - note:
defense is the responsibility of the US

Manpower fit for military service:
males age 16-49: 21,748 (2008 est.)

Military branches:
no regular military forces

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
male: 1,310
female: 1,262 (2008 est.)

  Transnational Issues Back To Top

Disputes - international:
none

Illicit drugs:
major consumer of cannabis

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