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  Isle of Man   
Introduction
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Transnational
Issues
  Introduction Back To Top

Background:
Part of the Norwegian Kingdom of the Hebrides until the 13th century when it was ceded to Scotland, the isle came under the British crown in 1765. Current concerns include reviving the almost extinct Manx Gaelic language. Isle of Man is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK. However, the UK Government remains constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.

  Geography Back To Top

Land boundaries:
0 km

Climate:
temperate; cool summers and mild winters; overcast about one-third of the time

Map references:
Europe

Geographic coordinates:
54 15 N, 4 30 W

Natural resources:
none

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Irish Sea 0 m
highest point: Snaefell 621 m

Terrain:
hills in north and south bisected by central valley

Geography - note:
one small islet, the Calf of Man, lies to the southwest and is a bird sanctuary

Area:
total: 572 sq km
land: 572 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Location:
Western Europe, island in the Irish Sea, between Great Britain and Ireland

Coastline:
160 km

Area - comparative:
slightly more than three times the size of Washington, DC

Irrigated land:
0 sq km

Environment - current issues:
waste disposal (both household and industrial); transboundary air pollution

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm

Natural hazards:
NA

Land use:
arable land: 9%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 91% (permanent pastures, forests, mountain, and heathland) (2002)

  People Back To Top

Total fertility rate:
1.65 children born/woman (2008 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2008 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 78.8 years
male: 75.46 years
female: 82.32 years (2008 est.)

Literacy:
NA

Net migration rate:
5.25 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Ethnic groups:
Manx (Norse-Celtic descent), Britons

Median age:
total: 40 years
male: 38.8 years
female: 41.3 years (2008 est.)

Population:
76,220 (July 2008 est.)

Education expenditures:
NA

Population growth rate:
0.509% (2008 est.)

Languages:
English, Manx Gaelic

Death rate:
11.02 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 5.62 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.55 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.64 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA

Age structure:
0-14 years: 17% (male 6,629/female 6,318)
15-64 years: 65.9% (male 25,251/female 24,959)
65 years and over: 17.1% (male 5,294/female 7,769) (2008 est.)

Birth rate:
10.86 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Religions:
Anglican, Roman Catholic, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Society of Friends

Nationality:
noun: Manxman (men), Manxwoman (women)
adjective: Manx

  Government Back To Top

Diplomatic representation from the US:
none (British crown dependency)

National holiday:
Tynwald Day, 5 July

Suffrage:
16 years of age; universal

Government type:
parliamentary democracy

Political pressure groups and leaders:
Alliance for Progressive Government or APG (a government watchdog); Mec Vannin (political party advocating a sovereign state and environment policies); note - has only had one member elected to the Tynwald

Diplomatic representation in the US:
none (British crown dependency)

Dependency status:
British crown dependency

International organization participation:
UPU

Legislative branch:
bicameral Tynwald consists of the Legislative Council (11 seats; members composed of the President of Tynwald, the Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man, a nonvoting attorney general, and 8 others named by the House of Keys) and the House of Keys (24 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: House of Keys - last held 23 November 2006 (next to be held in November 2011)
election results: House of Keys - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Liberal Vannin Party 2, Man Labor Party 1, independents 21

Legal system:
the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply and Manx statutes

Flag description:
red with the Three Legs of Man emblem (Trinacria), in the center; the three legs are joined at the thigh and bent at the knee; in order to have the toes pointing clockwise on both sides of the flag, a two-sided emblem is used

Independence:
none (British crown dependency)

Country name (Goverment):
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Isle of Man
abbreviation: I.O.M.

Political parties and leaders:
Alliance for Progressive Government; Liberal Vannin Party [Peter KARRAN]; Man Labor Party; Man Nationalist Party (Mec Vannin) [Bernard MOFFATT]
note: most members sit as independents

Capital:
name: Douglas
geographic coordinates: 54 09 N, 4 29 W
time difference: UTC 0 (five hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Constitution:
unwritten; note - The Isle of Man Constitution Act of 1961 does not embody the unwritten Manx Constitution

Executive branch:
chief of state: Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Sir Paul K. HADDACKS (since 17 October 2005)
head of government: Chief Minister Tony BROWN (since 14 December 2006)
cabinet: Council of Ministers
elections: the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch for a five-year term; the chief minister is elected by the Tynwald; election last held 14 December 2006 (next to be held in December 2008)
election results: House of Keys speaker Tony BROWN elected chief minister by the Tynwald

Administrative divisions:
none; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 24 local authorities each with its own elections

Judicial branch:
High Court of Justice (justices are appointed by the Lord Chancellor of England on the nomination of the lieutenant governor)

  Economy Back To Top

Debt - external:
$NA

Unemployment rate:
1.5% (December 2006 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$35,000 (2005 est.)

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$2.719 billion (2005 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):
$2.719 billion (2005 est.)

Exchange rates:
Manx pounds (IMP) per US dollar - 0.5302 (2008 est.), 0.4993 (2007), 0.5418 (2006), 0.5493 (2005), 0.5462 (2004)
note: the Manx pound is at par with the British pound

GDP - real growth rate:
5.2% (2005)

Labor force:
39,690 (2001)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
3.1% (December 2006 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 1%
industry: 13%
services: 86% (2000 est.)

Exports:
$NA

Currency (code):
Isle of Man pound (IMP), also known as the Manx pound
note: the British pound is also legal tender, but change is given in IMP

Economy - overview:
Offshore banking, manufacturing, and tourism are key sectors of the economy. The government offers incentives to high-technology companies and financial institutions to locate on the island; this has paid off in expanding employment opportunities in high-income industries. As a result, agriculture and fishing, once the mainstays of the economy, have declined in their shares of GDP. The Isle of Man also attracts online gambling sites and the film industry. Trade is mostly with the UK. The Isle of Man enjoys free access to EU markets.

Imports - commodities:
timber, fertilizers, fish

Industries:
financial services, light manufacturing, tourism

Population below poverty line:
NA%

Imports:
$NA

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture, forestry, and fishing 3%, manufacturing 11%, construction 10%, transport and communication 8%, wholesale and retail distribution 11%, professional and scientific services 18%, public administration 6%, banking and finance 18%, tourism 2%, entertainment and catering 3%, miscellaneous services 10% (2001)

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$NA

Currency code:
GBP

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Exports - commodities:
tweeds, herring, processed shellfish, beef, lamb

Economic aid - recipient:
$NA

Budget:
revenues: $965 million
expenditures: $943 million (FY05/06 est.)

Fiscal year:
1 April - 31 March

  Communications Back To Top

Internet users:
NA

Telephones - main lines in use:
51,000 (1999)

Televisions:
27,490 (1999)

Internet country code:
.im

Radio broadcast stations:
AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)

Radios:
NA

Television broadcast stations:
0 (receives broadcasts from the UK and satellite) (1999)

Telephone system:
general assessment: NA
domestic: landline, telefax, mobile cellular telephone system
international: fiber-optic cable, microwave radio relay, satellite earth station, submarine cable

Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
NA

Internet hosts:
426 (2008)

  Transportation Back To Top

Railways:
total: 65 km
standard gauge: 7 km 1.067-m gauge (7 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 58 km 0.914-m gauge (29 km electrified)
note: primarily summer tourist attractions (2006)

Ports and terminals:
Douglas, Ramsey

Merchant marine:
total: 273
by type: bulk carrier 31, cargo 50, chemical tanker 48, container 12, liquefied gas 41, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 73, refrigerated cargo 4, roll on/roll off 8, vehicle carrier 5
foreign-owned: 181 (Chile 6, Denmark 29, France 1, Germany 56, Greece 50, Ireland 1, Japan 6, Monaco 3, Netherlands 1, Norway 20, Singapore 1, Sweden 1, Turkey 2, US 4)
registered in other countries: 7 (Bahamas 1, Liberia 5, Marshall Islands 1) (2008)

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)

Roadways:
total: 500 km (2008)

Airports:
1 (2007)

  Military Back To Top

Military - note:
defense is the responsibility of the UK

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
male: 471
female: 447 (2008 est.)

  Transnational Issues Back To Top

Disputes - international:
none

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