ExchangeRate.com Logo
Login | Register |  My Account |   |   |   |  Suggest XR to your friends Print this page
Exchange Rate Home >> Country Info >> Nauru

   | Post | View
Select Country:
  Nauru   
Introduction
Geography
People
Government
Economy
Communications
Transportation
Military
Transnational
Issues
  Introduction Back To Top

Background:
The exact origins of the Nauruans are unclear, since their language does not resemble any other in the Pacific. The island was annexed by Germany in 1888 and its phosphate deposits began to be mined early in the 20th century by a German-British consortium. Nauru was occupied by Australian forces in World War I and subsequently became a League of Nations mandate. After the Second World War - and a brutal occupation by Japan - Nauru became a UN trust territory. It achieved its independence in 1968 and joined the UN in 1999 as the world's smallest independent republic.

  Geography Back To Top

Land boundaries:
0 km

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Climate:
tropical with a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (November to February)

Map references:
Australia/Oceania

Geographic coordinates:
0 32 S, 166 55 E

Natural resources:
phosphates, fish

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location along plateau rim 61 m

Terrain:
sandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center

Geography - note:
Nauru is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Makatea in French Polynesia; only 53 km south of Equator

Area:
total: 21 sq km
land: 21 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Location:
Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands

Coastline:
30 km

Area - comparative:
about 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC

Irrigated land:
NA

Environment - current issues:
limited natural fresh water resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater, but mostly dependent on a single, aging desalination plant; intensive phosphate mining during the past 90 years - mainly by a UK, Australia, and NZ consortium - has left the central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and threatens limited remaining land resources

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Natural hazards:
periodic droughts

Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)

  People Back To Top

Total fertility rate:
2.94 children born/woman (2008 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.08 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2008 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 63.81 years
male: 60.2 years
female: 67.6 years (2008 est.)

Literacy:
NA

Net migration rate:
NA (2008 est.)

Ethnic groups:
Nauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%

Median age:
total: 21.3 years
male: 20.7 years
female: 21.9 years (2008 est.)

Population:
13,770 (July 2008 est.)

Education expenditures:
NA

Population growth rate:
1.772% (2008 est.)

Languages:
Nauruan (official; a distinct Pacific Island language), English widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes

Death rate:
6.54 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 9.43 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 11.84 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 8 years
male: 8 years
female: 9 years (2006)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 35.5% (male 2,492/female 2,393)
15-64 years: 62.5% (male 4,237/female 4,363)
65 years and over: 2.1% (male 148/female 137) (2008 est.)

Birth rate:
24.26 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Religions:
Nauru Congregational 35.4%, Roman Catholic 33.2%, Nauru Independent Church 10.4%, other 14.1%, none 4.5%, unspecified 2.4% (2002 census)

Nationality:
noun: Nauruan(s)
adjective: Nauruan

  Government Back To Top

Diplomatic representation from the US:
the US does not have an embassy in Nauru; the US Ambassador to Fiji is accredited to Nauru

National holiday:
Independence Day, 31 January (1968)

Suffrage:
20 years of age; universal and compulsory

Government type:
republic

Political pressure groups and leaders:
Woman Information and News Agency (women's issues)

Diplomatic representation in the US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Marlene I. MOSES
chancery: 800 2nd Avenue, Suite 400 D, New York, NY 10017
telephone: [1] (212) 937-0074
FAX: [1] (212) 937-0079
consulate(s): Agana (Guam)

International organization participation:
ACP, ADB, C, FAO, ICAO, ICCt, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO

Legislative branch:
unicameral Parliament (18 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms)
elections: last held 26 April 2008 (next to be held in 2011)
election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 18; note - President Marcus STEPHEN called a snap election to break a parliamentary stalemate blocking legislative action

Legal system:
acts of the Nauru Parliament and British common law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations

Flag description:
blue with a narrow, horizontal, yellow stripe across the center and a large white 12-pointed star below the stripe on the hoist side; the star indicates the country's location in relation to the Equator (the yellow stripe) and the 12 points symbolize the 12 original tribes of Nauru

Independence:
31 January 1968 (from the Australia-, NZ-, and UK-administered UN trusteeship)

Country name (Goverment):
conventional long form: Republic of Nauru
conventional short form: Nauru
local long form: Republic of Nauru
local short form: Nauru
former: Pleasant Island

Political parties and leaders:
Democratic Party [Kennan ADEANG]; Nauru Party (informal); Nauru First (Naoero Amo) Party; note - loose multiparty system

Capital:
no official capital; government offices in Yaren District
time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Constitution:
29 January 1968; amended 17 May 1968 (Constitution Day)

Executive branch:
chief of state: President Marcus STEPHEN (since 19 December 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Marcus STEPHEN (since 19 December 2007); note - President Ludwig SCOTTY defeated in a no confidence vote in parliament on 19 December 2007
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of Parliament
elections: president elected by Parliament for a three-year term; election last held 19 December 2007 (next to be held in 2010)
election results: NA

Administrative divisions:
14 districts; Aiwo, Anabar, Anetan, Anibare, Baiti, Boe, Buada, Denigomodu, Ewa, Ijuw, Meneng, Nibok, Uaboe, Yaren

Judicial branch:
Supreme Court

  Economy Back To Top

Electricity - consumption:
28.83 million kWh (2006 est.)

Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2007 est.)

Debt - external:
$33.3 million (2002)

Unemployment rate:
90% (2004 est.)

Oil - exports:
0 bbl/day (2005)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$5,000 (2005 est.)

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$60 million (2005 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):
$NA

Exchange rates:
Australian dollars (AUD) per US dollar - 1.2059 (2008 est.), 1.2137 (2007), 1.3285 (2006), 1.3095 (2005), 1.3598 (2004)

GDP - real growth rate:
NA%

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
-3.6% (1993)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%

Oil - imports:
1,049 bbl/day (2005)

Exports:
$64,000 f.o.b. (2005 est.)

Natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Currency (code):
Australian dollar (AUD)

Economy - overview:
Revenues of this tiny island have traditionally come from exports of phosphates, now significantly depleted. An Australian company in 2005 entered into an agreement intended to exploit remaining supplies. Few other resources exist with most necessities being imported, mainly from Australia, its former occupier and later major source of support. The rehabilitation of mined land and the replacement of income from phosphates are serious long-term problems. Reserves of phosphates may only last until 2010 at current mining rates. In anticipation of the exhaustion of Nauru's phosphate deposits, substantial amounts of phosphate income were invested in trust funds to help cushion the transition and provide for Nauru's economic future. As a result of heavy spending from the trust funds, the government faces virtual bankruptcy. To cut costs the government has frozen wages and reduced overstaffed public service departments. Nauru lost further revenue in 2008 with the closure of Australia's refugee processing center, making it almost totally dependent on food imports and foreign aid. Housing, hospitals, and other capital plant is deteriorating, and the cost to Australia of keeping the government and economy afloat continues to climb. Few comprehensive statistics on the Nauru economy exist, with estimates of Nauru's GDP varying widely.

Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Imports - commodities:
food, fuel, manufactures, building materials, machinery

Industries:
phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2007 est.)

Population below poverty line:
NA%

Electricity - production:
31 million kWh (2006 est.)

Imports:
$20 million c.i.f. (2004 est.)

Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:
note: employed in mining phosphates, public administration, education, and transportation (1992)

Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

Oil - consumption:
1,070 bbl/day (2006 est.)

Currency code:
AUD

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Exports - commodities:
phosphates

Economic aid - recipient:
$20 million mostly from Australia (2005)

Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 100%
hydro: 0%
nuclear: 0%
other: 0% (2001)

Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2007 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $13.5 million
expenditures: $13.5 million (2005)

Fiscal year:
1 July - 30 June

Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2007 est.)

  Communications Back To Top

Internet users:
300 (2002)

Telephones - main lines in use:
1,900 (2002)

Televisions:
500 (1997)

Internet country code:
.nr

Radio broadcast stations:
AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (1998)

Radios:
7,000 (1997)

Telephones - mobile cellular:
1,500 (2002)

Television broadcast stations:
1 (1997)

Telephone system:
general assessment: adequate local and international radiotelephone communication provided via Australian facilities
domestic: NA
international: country code - 674; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)

Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
1 (2000)

Internet hosts:
42 (2008)

  Transportation Back To Top

Ports and terminals:
Nauru

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)

Roadways:
total: 24 km
paved: 24 km (2002)

Airports:
1 (2007)

  Military Back To Top

Manpower available for military service:
males age 16-49: 3,470 (2008 est.)

Military - note:
Nauru maintains no defense forces; under an informal agreement, defense is the responsibility of Australia

Military branches:
no regular military forces; Nauru Police Force (2009)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
male: 173
female: 159 (2008 est.)

Military expenditures:
NA

  Transnational Issues Back To Top

Disputes - international:
none

Got something to say on this page? Feel free to post your comments ! Please limit your comments to discussions about the subject matter of the content. To report bugs or problems with the ExchangeRate.com web site, please use our contact form here. Thank You!

Quiz #2
  1. What famous canal was built at the narrowest point between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans?
  Atlantic-Pacific Canal
  Transcontinental Canal
  Panama Canal
  Erie Canal
Content, information, data, material, services, or products comprising this web-site may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without written permission from ExchangeRate.com Inc.. The information supplied by this web-site is believed to be accurate, but ExchangeRate.com Inc. does not warrant or guarantee such accuracy. Users are always advised to verify information with their financial and accounting advisors or with the appropriate government agencies before relying on any such information. Information contained in this web-site is intended for your personal, non-commercial use. All other uses are expressly unauthorized and prohibited to the maximum extent allowed by law.
Copyright © ExchangeRate.com Inc. 1998 - 2012