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  Introduction Back To Top

Mayotte was ceded to France along with the other islands of the Comoros group in 1843. It was the only island in the archipelago that voted in 1974 to retain its link with France and forego independence.

  Geography Back To Top

Land boundaries:
0 km

tropical; marine; hot, humid, rainy season during northeastern monsoon (November to May); dry season is cooler (May to November)

Map references:

Geographic coordinates:
12 50 S, 45 10 E

Natural resources:

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Benara 660 m

generally undulating, with deep ravines and ancient volcanic peaks

Geography - note:
part of Comoro Archipelago (18 islands)

total: 374 sq km
land: 374 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Southern Indian Ocean, island in the Mozambique Channel, about half way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique

185.2 km

Area - comparative:
slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC

Irrigated land:

Environment - current issues:

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Natural hazards:
cyclones during rainy season

Land use:
arable land: NA%
permanent crops: NA%
other: NA%

  People Back To Top

Total fertility rate:
5.6 children born/woman (2008 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.16 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.03 male(s)/female
total population: 1.09 male(s)/female (2008 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 62.54 years
male: 60.3 years
female: 64.85 years (2008 est.)


Net migration rate:
2.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Ethnic groups:

Median age:
total: 17.2 years
male: 18.1 years
female: 16.2 years (2008 est.)

216,306 (July 2008 est.)

Education expenditures:

Population growth rate:
3.465% (2008 est.)

Mahorian (a Swahili dialect), French (official language) spoken by 35% of the population

Death rate:
7.36 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 57.88 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 63.59 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 52 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

Age structure:
0-14 years: 45.5% (male 49,521/female 48,996)
15-64 years: 52.7% (male 61,267/female 52,641)
65 years and over: 1.8% (male 1,971/female 1,910) (2008 est.)

Birth rate:
39.79 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Muslim 97%, Christian (mostly Roman Catholic) 3%

noun: Mahorais (singular and plural)
adjective: Mahoran

  Government Back To Top

Diplomatic representation from the US:
none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)

National holiday:
Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)

18 years of age; universal

Government type:

Political pressure groups and leaders:

Diplomatic representation in the US:
none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)

Dependency status:
departmental collectivity of France

International organization participation:

Legislative branch:
unicameral General Council or Conseil General (19 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms)
elections: last held 9 and 16 March 2008 (next to be held in 2011)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 8, Diverse Right 4, independents 4, Citizens and Republic Movement 1, Democratic Movement 1, Diverse Left 1; note - political parties are all French
note: Mayotte elects two members of the French Senate; elections last held 21 September 2008 (next to be held in September 2014); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UC-UDF 1, UMP 1; Mayotte also elects one member to the French National Assembly; elections last held 10-17 June 2007 (next to be held in 2012); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - independent 1

Legal system:
the laws of France, where applicable, apply

Flag description:
unofficial, local flag with the coat of arms of Mayotte centered on a white field, above which the name of the island appears in red capital letters; the main elements of the coat of arms, flanked on either side by a seahorse, appear above a scroll with the motto RA HACHIRI (We are Vigilant); the only official flag is the national flag of France

none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)

Country name (Goverment):
conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Mayotte
conventional short form: Mayotte

Political parties and leaders:
Democratic Front or FD [Youssouf MOUSSA]; Mahoran Popular Movement or MPM [Ahmed MADI]; Federation of Mahorans or UMP-RPR [Mansour KAMARDINE]; Force of the Rally and the Alliance for Democracy or FRAP; Movement for Department Status Mayotte or MDM [Mouhoutar SALIM]; Renewed Communist Party of Mayotte or MRC [Omar SIMBA]; Socialist Party or PS [Ibrahim ABUBACAR] (local branch of French Parti Socialiste); Union for French Democracy or UDF [Henri JEAN-BAPTISTE]

name: Mamoudzou
geographic coordinates: 12 46 S, 45 13 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

4 October 1958 (French Constitution)

Executive branch:
chief of state: President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007); represented by Prefect Denis ROBIN (since 28 July 2008)
head of government: President of the General Council Ahmed Attoumani DOUCHINA (since March 2008)
cabinet: NA
elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; president of the General Council elected by the members of the General Council for a six-year term; next election to be held in 2010

Administrative divisions:
none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)

Judicial branch:
Supreme Court or Tribunal Superieur d'Appel

  Economy Back To Top

Electricity - consumption:
139.2 million kWh (2005)

Debt - external:

Unemployment rate:
25.4% (2005)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$4,900 (2005 est.)

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$953.6 million (2005 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):

Exchange rates:
euros (EUR) per US dollar - 0.6734 (2008 est.), 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004)

GDP - real growth rate:

Labor force:
44,560 (2002)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
1.7% (2005)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%

$6.5 million f.o.b. (2005)

Currency (code):
euro (EUR)

Economy - overview:
Economic activity is based primarily on the agricultural sector, including fishing and livestock raising. Mayotte is not self-sufficient and must import a large portion of its food requirements, mainly from France. The economy and future development of the island are heavily dependent on French financial assistance, an important supplement to GDP. Mayotte's remote location is an obstacle to the development of tourism.

Imports - commodities:
food, machinery and equipment, transportation equipment, metals, chemicals

newly created lobster and shrimp industry, construction

Population below poverty line:

Electricity - production:
NA kWh

$341 million f.o.b.; note - excludes petroleum imports (2005)

Market value of publicly traded shares:

Currency code:

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Exports - commodities:
ylang-ylang (perfume essence), vanilla, copra, coconuts, coffee, cinnamon

Economic aid - recipient:
$201.3 million; note - extensive French financial assistance (2005)

Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 0%
hydro: 0%
nuclear: 0%
other: 0%

revenues: $420 million
expenditures: $394 million (2005)

Fiscal year:
calendar year

  Communications Back To Top

Internet users:

Telephones - main lines in use:
10,000 (2002)

3,500 (1994)

Internet country code:

Radio broadcast stations:
AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 0 (2001)


Telephones - mobile cellular:
48,100 (2005)

Television broadcast stations:
3 (2001)

Telephone system:
general assessment: small system administered by French Department of Posts and Telecommunications
domestic: NA
international: country code - 262; microwave radio relay and HF radiotelephone communications to Comoros

Internet Service Providers (ISPs):

Internet hosts:
1 (2008)

  Transportation Back To Top

Ports and terminals:

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)

1 (2007)

  Military Back To Top

Military - note:
defense is the responsibility of France; a small contingent of French forces is stationed on the island

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
male: 2,407
female: 2,401 (2008 est.)

  Transnational Issues Back To Top

Disputes - international:
claimed by Comoros

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