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  Introduction Back To Top

This uninhabited volcanic island is almost entirely covered by glaciers and is difficult to approach. It was discovered in 1739 by a French naval officer after whom the island was named. No claim was made until 1825, when the British flag was raised. In 1928, the UK waived its claim in favor of Norway, which had occupied the island the previous year. In 1971, Norway designated Bouvet Island and the adjacent territorial waters a nature reserve. Since 1977, it has run an automated meteorological station on the island.

  Geography Back To Top

Land boundaries:
0 km


Map references:
Antarctic Region

Geographic coordinates:
54 26 S, 3 24 E

Natural resources:

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: South Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Olav Peak 935 m

volcanic; coast is mostly inaccessible

Geography - note:
covered by glacial ice; declared a nature reserve Norway

total: 49 sq km
land: 49 sq km
water: 0 sq km

island in the South Atlantic Ocean, southwest of the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa)

29.6 km

Area - comparative:
about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC

Irrigated land:
0 sq km

Environment - current issues:

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 4 nm

Natural hazards:

Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (93% ice) (2005)

  People Back To Top


  Government Back To Top

Dependency status:
territory of Norway; administered by the Polar Department of the Ministry of Justice and Police from Oslo

Legal system:
the laws of Norway, where applicable, apply

Flag description:
the flag of Norway is used

Country name (Goverment):
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Bouvet Island

  Economy Back To Top

Economy - overview:
no economic activity; declared a nature reserve

  Communications Back To Top

Communications - note:
automatic meteorological station

Internet country code:

Internet hosts:
6 (2008)

  Transportation Back To Top

Ports and terminals:
none; offshore anchorage only

  Military Back To Top

Military - note:
defense is the responsibility of Norway

  Transnational Issues Back To Top

Disputes - international:

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