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  Wallis and Futuna   
  Introduction Back To Top

The Futuna island group was discovered by the Dutch in 1616 and Wallis by the British in 1767, but it was the French who declared a protectorate over the islands in 1842. In 1959, the inhabitants of the islands voted to become a French overseas territory.

  Geography Back To Top

Land boundaries:
0 km

tropical; hot, rainy season (November to April); cool, dry season (May to October); rains 2,500-3,000 mm per year (80% humidity); average temperature 26.6 degrees C

Map references:

Geographic coordinates:
13 18 S, 176 12 W

Natural resources:

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Singavi 765 m

volcanic origin; low hills

Geography - note:
both island groups have fringing reefs

total: 274 sq km
land: 274 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Ile Uvea (Wallis Island), Ile Futuna (Futuna Island), Ile Alofi, and 20 islets

Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

129 km

Area - comparative:
1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Irrigated land:

Environment - current issues:
deforestation (only small portions of the original forests remain) largely as a result of the continued use of wood as the main fuel source; as a consequence of cutting down the forests, the mountainous terrain of Futuna is particularly prone to erosion; there are no permanent settlements on Alofi because of the lack of natural fresh water resources

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Natural hazards:

Land use:
arable land: 7.14%
permanent crops: 35.71%
other: 57.15% (2005)

  People Back To Top

Total fertility rate:
NA (2008 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: NA
male: NA
female: NA (2008 est.)

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 50%
male: 50%
female: 50% (1969 est.)

Net migration rate:
note: there has been steady emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia (2008 est.)

Ethnic groups:

15,237 (July 2008 est.)

Population growth rate:
NA (2008 est.)

Wallisian 58.9% (indigenous Polynesian language), Futunian 30.1%, French 10.8%, other 0.2% (2003 census)

Death rate:
NA (2008 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: NA
male: NA
female: NA (2008 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

Age structure:
0-14 years: (male 2,215/female 1,999)
15-64 years: (male 4,982/female 4,996)
65 years and over: (male 465/female 580)

Birth rate:
NA (2008 est.)

Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%

noun: Wallisian(s), Futunan(s), or Wallis and Futuna Islanders
adjective: Wallisian, Futunan, or Wallis and Futuna Islander

  Government Back To Top

Diplomatic representation from the US:
none (overseas territory of France)

National holiday:
Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)

18 years of age; universal

Government type:

Political pressure groups and leaders:

Diplomatic representation in the US:
none (overseas territory of France)

Dependency status:
overseas territory of France

International organization participation:
PIF (observer), SPC, UPU, WFTU

Legislative branch:
unicameral Territorial Assembly or Assemblee Territoriale (20 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 1 April 2007 (next to be held April 2012)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 13, other 7
note: Wallis and Futuna elects one senator to the French Senate and one deputy to the French National Assembly; French Senate - elections last held 21 September 2008 (next to be held by September 2014); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats - UMP 1; French National Assembly - elections last held 17 June 2007 (next to be held by 2012); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats - PS 1

Legal system:
the laws of France, where applicable, apply

Flag description:
unofficial, local flag has a red field with four white isosceles triangles in the middle, representing the three native kings of the islands and the French administrator; the apexes of the triangles are oriented inward and at right angles to each other; the flag of France, outlined in white on two sides, is in the upper hoist quadrant; the flag of France is the only official flag

none (overseas territory of France)

Country name (Goverment):
conventional long form: Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands
conventional short form: Wallis and Futuna
local long form: Territoire des Iles Wallis et Futuna
local short form: Wallis et Futuna

Political parties and leaders:
Lua Kae Tahi (Giscardians); Mouvement des Radicaux de Gauche or MRG; Rally for the Republic or RPR (UMP) [Clovis LOGOLOGOFOLAU]; Socialist Party or PS; Taumu'a Lelei [Soane Muni UHILA]; Union Populaire Locale or UPL [Falakiko GATA]; Union Pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF

name: Mata-Utu (on Ile Uvea)
geographic coordinates: 13 57 S, 171 56 W
time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

4 October 1958 (French Constitution)

Executive branch:
chief of state: President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007); represented by High Administrator Philippe PAOLANTONI (since 28 July 2008)
head of government: President of the Territorial Assembly Pesamino TAPUTAI (since 11 April 2007)
cabinet: Council of the Territory consists of three kings and three members appointed by the high administrator on the advice of the Territorial Assembly
note: there are three traditional kings with limited powers
elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; high administrator appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; the presidents of the Territorial Government and the Territorial Assembly are elected by the members of the assembly

Administrative divisions:
none (overseas territory of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three kingdoms at the second order named Alo, Sigave, Wallis

Judicial branch:
justice generally administered under French law by the high administrator, but the three traditional kings administer customary law and there is a magistrate in Mata-Utu; a court of appeal is located in Noumea, New Caledonia

  Economy Back To Top

Electricity - consumption:
NA kWh

Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2002)

Debt - external:
$3.67 million (2004)

Unemployment rate:
15.2% (2003)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$3,800 (2004 est.)

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$60 million (2004 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):

Exchange rates:
Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar - NA (2007), 95.03 (2006), 95.89 (2005), 96.04 (2004), 105.66 (2003)

GDP - real growth rate:

Labor force:
3,104 (2003)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
2.8% (2005)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%

$47,450 f.o.b. (2004)

Currency (code):
Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique franc (XPF)

Economy - overview:
The economy is limited to traditional subsistence agriculture, with about 80% of labor force earnings from agriculture (coconuts and vegetables), livestock (mostly pigs), and fishing. About 4% of the population is employed in government. Revenues come from French Government subsidies, licensing of fishing rights to Japan and South Korea, import taxes, and remittances from expatriate workers in New Caledonia.

Imports - commodities:
chemicals, machinery, passenger ships, consumer goods

copra, handicrafts, fishing, lumber

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2002)

Population below poverty line:

Electricity - production:
NA kWh

$61.17 million f.o.b. (2004)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 80%
industry: 4%
services: 16% (2001 est.)

Public debt:
5.6% of GDP (2004 est.)

Currency code:

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Exports - commodities:
copra, chemicals, construction materials

Economic aid - recipient:
assistance from France, $NA

Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 0%
hydro: 0%
nuclear: 0%
other: 0%

revenues: $29,730
expenditures: $31,330 (2004)

Fiscal year:
calendar year

  Communications Back To Top

Internet users:
900 (2002)

Telephones - main lines in use:
1,900 (2002)


Internet country code:

Radio broadcast stations:
AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (2000)


Telephones - mobile cellular:

Television broadcast stations:
2 (2000)

Telephone system:
general assessment: NA
domestic: NA
international: country code - 681

Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
1 (2000)

Internet hosts:
1 (2008)

  Transportation Back To Top

Ports and terminals:
Leava, Mata-Utu

Merchant marine:
total: 8
by type: chemical tanker 2, passenger 6
foreign-owned: 8 (France 6, French Polynesia 2) (2008)

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)

Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)

2 (2007)

  Military Back To Top

Military - note:
defense is the responsibility of France

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
male: 172
female: 170 (2008 est.)

  Transnational Issues Back To Top

Disputes - international:

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